Case System in Hawrami Dialect


  • Trifa mohammed faraj College of Education - Kurdish Department of Garmian University
  • Abduljabar Mustafa Maruf College of Language-University of Sulaimani
  • Faridun Abdul Mohammed College of Language-University of Sulaimani



Hawrami dialect, case marker, inflection, sign-sign movement, nominative-accusative, dialect-specific morphemes, case-receiver phrases


This study delves into the case system in Hawrami dialect as a pivotal grammatical phenomenon within the generative grammar framework. This theoretical framework applies universally to all natural languages, as all sentence phrases must adhere to the rules and principles of this theory, however, it is important to note that the specific case markers may differ among languages, as each language handles case marker according to its own unique characteristics. These markers may include elements such as (morphology, inflection, sign-sign movement, or position). With a distinctive focus on the Hawrami dialect, this research offers a fresh perspective by proposing that the dialect employs a principle rooted in position and inflection to delineate sentence phrases. This hypothesis is substantiated through comparative analyses with related dialects, revealing the absence of dialect-specific morphemes dedicated to case marking.  In The research will use analytical description method, the study synthesizes sources that encompass both written materials and firsthand narratives from native speakers, facilitating meticulous verification of research hypotheses. Augmented by comparative instances from languages such as Hungarian, Arabic, English and Germany. The inquiry draws broader linguistic parallels. While predominantly grounded in the generative grammar theory, the study adroitly integrates elements of the minimal program as needed. This strategic adaptation enhances the exposition of the case system's distinct features, particularly its differentiation from other grammatical attributes like the ergative. The culmination of the investigation advances the assertion that, akin to the middle dialect of the Sulaimani variant, the Hawrami dialect adheres to a nominative-accusative case system for marking cases. Notably, this case system is intricately intertwined with syntactic positions, particularly in terms of syntactic inflection within morphosyntactic phrases. This dynamic interplay effectively signals case-receiver phrases or agreement phrases, shedding light on the intricate syntactic mechanisms that underpin case marking within this specific dialect.